Article paru dans le volume « Political Dimensions of Wittgenstein’s conception of praxis as a linguistic activity ? », texte d’une conférence prononcée à Lecce dans les Pouilles (Italie) dans un colloque sur Wittgenstein and Marx, Marx and Wittgenstein, Actes publiés chez Peter Lang, Treffpunkt Philosophie, Bd 21 (von Mathias Kaufmann herausg..) Berlin 2021, pp 167-180.
co-eds. Fabio A. Sulpizio/Moira da Iaco /Gabriele Schimmenti
* Abstract: My contention here is to argue that Wittgenstein’s semantic point on reification could meet the marxist anaysis of the tendency to reification at a socio-political level. According to my view, a diagnosis of « semantic alienation » of a Wittgensteinian-minded philosopher could rather re-inforce an Adornian diagnosis of political reification, rather than contradict it. Although the absence of language in Adorno’s conception on one side, and the absence of a concept of « mediation » in Wittgenstein, make the confrontation difficult, I argue in favor of a social-critical view of Wittgenstein’s approach to praxis as a linguistic activity. Not only Wittgenstein has his own view on fetichization (of “objects”) as regards the relation of designation of objects by names and developed an interesting critique of the “epistemological ritual” of naming objects that has a strong political dimension (Aldo Gargani’s point), there is much to say as regards the benefit of a Marxist reading in parallel to a linguistic approach to objects.The role of the economist Sraffa’s conception (close to Gramsci) and his influence on Wittgenstein’s radical turn to his so-called “second philosophy” are to be mentioned as they contribute to shed light on the social-political importance of the concept of “praxis” in Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations. Yet I don’t assume that language and politics do match. The point is rather to establish criterions of efficiency different in kind rather than intrinsically opposed.